Other affiliations: Osram, Siemens, Cornell University ...read more
Bio: Oliver Ambacher is an academic researcher from Fraunhofer Society. The author has contributed to research in topic(s): Amplifier & Monolithic microwave integrated circuit. The author has an hindex of 64, co-authored 848 publication(s) receiving 26256 citation(s). Previous affiliations of Oliver Ambacher include Osram & Siemens.
Papers published on a yearly basis
08 Mar 1999-Journal of Applied Physics
TL;DR: In this article, the authors investigated the role of spontaneous and piezoelectric polarization on the carrier confinement at GaN/AlGaN and AlGaN/GaN interfaces.
Abstract: Carrier concentration profiles of two-dimensional electron gases are investigated in wurtzite, Ga-face AlxGa1−xN/GaN/AlxGa1−xN and N-face GaN/AlxGa1−xN/GaN heterostructures used for the fabrication of field effect transistors. Analysis of the measured electron distributions in heterostructures with AlGaN barrier layers of different Al concentrations (0.15
01 Jan 2000-Journal of Applied Physics
TL;DR: In this paper, a combination of high resolution x-ray diffraction, atomic force microscopy, Hall effect, and capacitance-voltage profiling measurements is used to calculate the polarization induced sheet charge bound at the AlGaN/GaN interfaces.
Abstract: Two dimensional electron gases in Al x Ga 12x N/GaN based heterostructures, suitable for high electron mobility transistors, are induced by strong polarization effects. The sheet carrier concentration and the confinement of the two dimensional electron gases located close to the AlGaN/GaN interface are sensitive to a large number of different physical properties such as polarity, alloy composition, strain, thickness, and doping of the AlGaN barrier. We have investigated these physical properties for undoped and silicon doped transistor structures by a combination of high resolution x-ray diffraction, atomic force microscopy, Hall effect, and capacitance‐voltage profiling measurements. The polarization induced sheet charge bound at the AlGaN/GaN interfaces was calculated from different sets of piezoelectric constants available in the literature. The sheet carrier concentration induced by polarization charges was determined
21 Oct 1998-Journal of Physics D
TL;DR: In this article, the chemical and thermal stability of epitaxial nitride films is discussed in relation to the problems of deposition processes and the advantages for applications in high-power and high-temperature devices.
Abstract: Recent research results pertaining to InN, GaN and AlN are reviewed, focusing on the different growth techniques of Group III-nitride crystals and epitaxial films, heterostructures and devices. The chemical and thermal stability of epitaxial nitride films is discussed in relation to the problems of deposition processes and the advantages for applications in high-power and high-temperature devices. The development of growth methods like metalorganic chemical vapour deposition and plasma-induced molecular beam epitaxy has resulted in remarkable improvements in the structural, optical and electrical properties. New developments in precursor chemistry, plasma-based nitrogen sources, substrates, the growth of nucleation layers and selective growth are covered. Deposition conditions and methods used to grow alloys for optical bandgap and lattice engineering are introduced. The review is concluded with a description of recent Group III-nitride semiconductor devices such as bright blue and white light-emitting diodes, the first blue-emitting laser, high-power transistors, and a discussion of further applications in surface acoustic wave devices and sensors.
TL;DR: In this paper, it was shown that the macroscopic nonlinear pyroelectric polarization of wurtzite AlInN/GaN, InxGa1-xN and AlxIn1xN ternary compounds (large spontaneous polarization and piezoelectric coupling) dramatically affects the optical and electrical properties of multilayered Al(In)GaN/GAN hetero-, nanostructures and devices, due to the huge built-in electrostatic fields and bound interface charges caused by gradients in polarization at surfaces and heter
Abstract: The macroscopic nonlinear pyroelectric polarization of wurtzite AlxGa1-xN, InxGa1-xN and AlxIn1-xN ternary compounds (large spontaneous polarization and piezoelectric coupling) dramatically affects the optical and electrical properties of multilayered Al(In)GaN/GaN hetero-, nanostructures and devices, due to the huge built-in electrostatic fields and bound interface charges caused by gradients in polarization at surfaces and heterointerfaces. Models of polarization-induced effects in GaN-based devices so far have assumed that polarization in ternary nitride alloys can be calculated by a linear interpolation between the limiting values of the binary compounds. We present theoretical and experimental evidence that the macroscopic polarization in nitride alloys is a nonlinear function of strain and composition. We have applied these results to interpret experimental data obtained in a number of InGaN/GaN quantum wells?(QWs) as well as AlInN/GaN and AlGaN/GaN transistor structures. We find that the discrepancies between experiment and ab initio theory present so far are almost completely eliminated for the AlGaN/GaN-based heterostructures when the nonlinearity of polarization is accounted for. The realization of undoped lattice-matched AlInN/GaN heterostructures further allows us to prove the existence of a gradient in spontaneous polarization by the experimental observation of two-dimensional electron gases?(2DEGs). The confinement of 2DEGs in InGaN/GaN QWs in combination with the measured Stark shift of excitonic recombination is used to determine the polarization-induced electric fields in nanostructures. To facilitate inclusion of the predicted nonlinear polarization in future simulations, we give an explicit prescription to calculate polarization-induced electric fields and bound interface charges for arbitrary composition in each of the ternary III-N alloys. In addition, the theoretical and experimental results presented here allow a detailed comparison of the predicted electric fields and bound interface charges with the measured Stark shift and the sheet carrier concentration of polarization-induced 2DEGs. This comparison provides an insight into the reliability of the calculated nonlinear piezoelectric and spontaneous polarization of group III nitride ternary alloys.
01 Dec 2013-Nature Photonics
TL;DR: A wireless sub-THz communication system near 237.5 GHz with one to three carriers and up to 100 Gbit/s with state-of-the-art active I/Q-MMIC at the Rx is demonstrated.
Abstract: A wireless communication system with a maximum data rate of 100 Gbit s−1 over 20 m is demonstrated using a carrier frequency of 237.5 GHz. The photonic schemes used to generate the signal carrier and local oscillator are described, as is the fast photodetector used as a mixer for data extraction.
TL;DR: There is, I think, something ethereal about i —the square root of minus one, which seems an odd beast at that time—an intruder hovering on the edge of reality.
Abstract: There is, I think, something ethereal about i —the square root of minus one. I remember first hearing about it at school. It seemed an odd beast at that time—an intruder hovering on the edge of reality. Usually familiarity dulls this sense of the bizarre, but in the case of i it was the reverse: over the years the sense of its surreal nature intensified. It seemed that it was impossible to write mathematics that described the real world in …
TL;DR: The editors have done a masterful job of weaving together the biologic, the behavioral, and the clinical sciences into a single tapestry in which everyone from the molecular biologist to the practicing psychiatrist can find and appreciate his or her own research.
Abstract: I have developed "tennis elbow" from lugging this book around the past four weeks, but it is worth the pain, the effort, and the aspirin. It is also worth the (relatively speaking) bargain price. Including appendixes, this book contains 894 pages of text. The entire panorama of the neural sciences is surveyed and examined, and it is comprehensive in its scope, from genomes to social behaviors. The editors explicitly state that the book is designed as "an introductory text for students of biology, behavior, and medicine," but it is hard to imagine any audience, interested in any fragment of neuroscience at any level of sophistication, that would not enjoy this book. The editors have done a masterful job of weaving together the biologic, the behavioral, and the clinical sciences into a single tapestry in which everyone from the molecular biologist to the practicing psychiatrist can find and appreciate his or
11 Apr 2007-Chemical Reviews
TL;DR: This review gives a general introduction to the materials, production techniques, working principles, critical parameters, and stability of the organic solar cells, and discusses the alternative approaches such as polymer/polymer solar cells and organic/inorganic hybrid solar cells.
Abstract: The need to develop inexpensive renewable energy sources stimulates scientific research for efficient, low-cost photovoltaic devices.1 The organic, polymer-based photovoltaic elements have introduced at least the potential of obtaining cheap and easy methods to produce energy from light.2 The possibility of chemically manipulating the material properties of polymers (plastics) combined with a variety of easy and cheap processing techniques has made polymer-based materials present in almost every aspect of modern society.3 Organic semiconductors have several advantages: (a) lowcost synthesis, and (b) easy manufacture of thin film devices by vacuum evaporation/sublimation or solution cast or printing technologies. Furthermore, organic semiconductor thin films may show high absorption coefficients4 exceeding 105 cm-1, which makes them good chromophores for optoelectronic applications. The electronic band gap of organic semiconductors can be engineered by chemical synthesis for simple color changing of light emitting diodes (LEDs).5 Charge carrier mobilities as high as 10 cm2/V‚s6 made them competitive with amorphous silicon.7 This review is organized as follows. In the first part, we will give a general introduction to the materials, production techniques, working principles, critical parameters, and stability of the organic solar cells. In the second part, we will focus on conjugated polymer/fullerene bulk heterojunction solar cells, mainly on polyphenylenevinylene (PPV) derivatives/(1-(3-methoxycarbonyl) propyl-1-phenyl[6,6]C61) (PCBM) fullerene derivatives and poly(3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT)/PCBM systems. In the third part, we will discuss the alternative approaches such as polymer/polymer solar cells and organic/inorganic hybrid solar cells. In the fourth part, we will suggest possible routes for further improvements and finish with some conclusions. The different papers mentioned in the text have been chosen for didactical purposes and cannot reflect the chronology of the research field nor have a claim of completeness. The further interested reader is referred to the vast amount of quality papers published in this field during the past decade.
07 Jun 2001-Journal of Applied Physics
TL;DR: In this article, the authors present a comprehensive, up-to-date compilation of band parameters for the technologically important III-V zinc blende and wurtzite compound semiconductors.
Abstract: We present a comprehensive, up-to-date compilation of band parameters for the technologically important III–V zinc blende and wurtzite compound semiconductors: GaAs, GaSb, GaP, GaN, AlAs, AlSb, AlP, AlN, InAs, InSb, InP, and InN, along with their ternary and quaternary alloys. Based on a review of the existing literature, complete and consistent parameter sets are given for all materials. Emphasizing the quantities required for band structure calculations, we tabulate the direct and indirect energy gaps, spin-orbit, and crystal-field splittings, alloy bowing parameters, effective masses for electrons, heavy, light, and split-off holes, Luttinger parameters, interband momentum matrix elements, and deformation potentials, including temperature and alloy-composition dependences where available. Heterostructure band offsets are also given, on an absolute scale that allows any material to be aligned relative to any other.
06 Jul 2001-Reviews of Modern Physics
TL;DR: In this paper, the current status of lattice-dynamical calculations in crystals, using density-functional perturbation theory, with emphasis on the plane-wave pseudopotential method, is reviewed.
Abstract: This article reviews the current status of lattice-dynamical calculations in crystals, using density-functional perturbation theory, with emphasis on the plane-wave pseudopotential method. Several specialized topics are treated, including the implementation for metals, the calculation of the response to macroscopic electric fields and their relevance to long-wavelength vibrations in polar materials, the response to strain deformations, and higher-order responses. The success of this methodology is demonstrated with a number of applications existing in the literature.